Francis was the youngest of a family of 10 children. His father died just a few weeks before he was born. In 1916 he was working as a labourer and still single at 28 years of age. Francis was allotted to the 2nd reinforcements for the 40th Battalion. In January 1917 he was given 14 days detention for ‘gambling in quarters’. On 24 August 1918 he was gassed whilst near Bray and treated at Le Havre. No sooner back in the line than he was wounded again in the attack on the Hindenburg Line, sustaining a gunshot wound to his left forearm that saw him evacuated to England and then to Australia. Francis Kane later married Clarice Parsons but it would appear that they had no children.